The choice of this or that type of automatic garage door depends on several parameters: the space available inside and outside the garage, the size of your car and your budget. A short guide to help you choose.
The tilting garage door
The tilting garage door is made up of a single large panel (the apron) that tilts to go parallel to the ceiling. The deck is made of wood (oak or exotic wood, more often), ribbed steel treated anti corrosion (sometimes incorporating thermal insulation) or sometimes PVC reinforced with a metallic structure. This type of door is generally sold without motorization and with single wall. There are two types of tilting garage doors: - Counterweight: tilting door thanks to a counterweight system integrated into the chassis without the need for guide rails. This system requires volume inside the garage. - With so-called "overflowing" balancing arm: the panel swings thanks to guide rails. It overflows to the outside of the garage when it opens or closes, making it a poorly suited system on the edge of a public thoroughfare. Advantages: It is a solid door and cheaper than the others. Disadvantages: They are offered in a small choice of dimensions, decorations and finishes. Price: From 250 €, without gate, and up to 3000 € depending on the materials
The sectional garage door
The sectional garage door is made up of several hinged panels. It works a bit like a large roller shutter, sliding closer to the wall or ceiling. It is perfectly suited to the installation of an external motorization. It is made of wood or steel combined with fiberglass or PVC. It generally has a double steel wall filled with polyurethane foam. There are two types of sectional garage doors: - Ceiling: thanks to vertical and horizontal rails. - Lateral: the panels are suspended from a rail on the ceiling and slide along a slide on the ground). The side doors require freeing one of the garage walls. Advantages: They are ideal for small spaces. They exist in all dimensions, even large. They are burglary resistant and easy to motorize. You can sometimes match your sectional garage door to your front door by choosing it from the same manufacturer. Joints between the panels of the apron prevent heat loss and pinching. Disadvantages: It is necessary to choose a good quality of material and workmanship. They cost more than overhead doors. Price: from 300 to 4000 € depending on the materials.
The rolling garage door
The roll-up garage door is made of aluminum strips stapled together. It is rolled up in a chest placed at the top. It can easily be motorized. Advantages: it is the system which offers the best space saving. It is discreet inside the garage. Disadvantages: You cannot integrate a gate. Its price is high. They only exist in aluminum. Price: from € 350 for entry-level and up to € 4,500.
Security requirements for automatic garage doors
Automatic garage doors must meet essential safety requirements in order to avoid accidents such as trapping or crushing a person. Automatic garage doors can only be sold if they bear the CE marking. This establishes a presumption of conformity with the prescriptions of standard NF EN 13241-1 and that an organization independent of the manufacturer has verified this conformity. In addition, during their installation, automatic garage doors must meet the security requirements set by the building and housing code, in particular with regard to the shutdown system and regular maintenance.
Good to know
In renovations, it is possible to equip a manual garage door with a motor using solar energy (Somfy, Hörmann, Avidsen, etc.). This energy is recovered by a photovoltaic sensor placed above the garage door, and is stored in batteries to be able to work even when the weather is not nice. Any garage door can be fitted with a solar powered motor, but it is particularly intended for garages which are not connected to the electricity network.